Historic Dates in Eden

Historic Dates in Australia

     1810  1830  1850  1870  1890  1910  1930  1950 1970  1990 
Bass and Flinders make voyages in the TOM THUMB
October: During Bass and Flinders voyage to establish a route to Van Diemen’s Land, they sought shelter in Twofold Bay during adverse winds and took the opportunity to survey the area and named Twofold Bay
Below is excerpt from Mathew Flinders journal recording what was most likely the first contact between local aboriginals and Europeans.
"In order to make some profit of this foul wind, Mr Bass landed early next morning to examine the country, whilst I went with Mr Simpson to commence a survey of Two-fold Bay. In the way from Snug Cove, through the wood, to the long northern beach, where I proposed to measure a base line, our attention was suddenly called by the screams of three women, who took up their children and ran off in great consternation. Soon afterward a man made his appearance. He was of a middle age, unarmed, except with a whaddie, or wooden scimitar, and came up to us seemingly with careless confidence. We made much of him, and gave him some biscuit; and he in return presented us with a piece of gristly fat, probably of whale. This I tasted; but watching an opportunity to spit it out when he should not be looking, I perceived him doing precisely the same thing with our biscuit, whose taste was probably no more agreeable to him, than his whale was to me. Walking onward with us to the long beach, our new acquaintance picked up from the grass a long wooden spear, pointed with bone; but this he hid a little further on, making signs that he should take it on his return. The commencement of our trigonometrical operations was seen by him with indifference, if not contempt; and he quitted us, apparently satisfied that, from people who could thus occupy themselves seriously, there was nothing to be apprehended."

7 October 1798 Bass and Matthew Flinders set out from Port Jackson. Bass and Flinders sailed the Norfolk through Bass Strait and round Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), proving that it was an island. They returned to Port Jackson on 12 January 1799

Australia's population 5217
Flinders's voyage in the INVESTIGATOR
Governor King orders Aborigines gathering around Parramatta, Georges River and Prospect Hill "to be driven back from the settler's habitation."
Flinders circumnavigates Australia

On Monday last arrived the Sloop Contest, from the Southward, with the Detachment on board all well. In Two-fold Bay Mr. Draffin went on shore, accompanied by the Master of the vessel,   attended by Mongoul, a native of Sydney. Shortly after landing they were surrounded   by a numerous body of the natives of that quarter, who were particularly civil to the     small party, and especially so to Mongoul.

In the evening he was left on shore at his own request; two soldiers remaining also among the natives, who had formed an encampment near the beach; - but shortly after, owing to some sudden   misunderstanding, three spears were darted    at Mongoul, but were dexterously avoided. The soldiers in order to intimidate them, fired over their heads, and induced them to retreat precipitately. They re-appeared next morning, and renewed their courtesy, but with much caution, and as if intent upon some mischievous design. The first   opportunity that offered they found means   to carry off a knapsack with its whole contents, and immediately all disappeared.      

They were pursued, however, with every   expedition, and followed by their tracts thro' the Brush to the distance of 12 to 14 miles before they were overtaken; when being discovered dressed in the cloathing taken from the knapsack, and dancing, they were instantly closed with, but taking to their spears, and other offensive weapons, rendered it necessary to fire upon them one was killed, the others followed the party back to their boats, annoying them with spears at every opportunity, which   they continued to do until the whole were embarked.
"SHIP NEWS." The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) 22 Jul 1804  

Hobart Town is established in Van Diemens Land

On Thursday three persons who left the Cove with three others in a whale boat: about three weeks ago for King's Island under the direction of Mr Joseph Murrell, came in overland from Botany Bay with the unpleasant information of the crew being  assaulted by the natives at Jervis Bay, and Mr Murrell dangerously wounded in the back by a spear.

 The account given by these people is as  follows;  That every where along the coast the natives wore a menacing appearance, and manifested  a wish to attack them : that upon making Two-fold Bay they perceived a small group round a fire, who greeted them in a very friendly tone ; trusting in which they landed, and proceeded with buckets towards a watering place, but before they reached which, a flight of spears was thrown without mischief; but being speedily succeeded by a second, one of the weapons, most dangerously barbed, lodged in Mr, Murrell's side, which was transpierced ; and as the whole of the barb appeared, it was broken off and readily extracted. They made to the boat, leaving their inhuman assailants to express their joy of the barbarous event by re-echoed peals of mirth, were soon out of their reach. The travellers next set down on a small neighbouring island. The morning following, four natives visited them, and having begged a jacket or two, left four boys as hostage of their return with fish ; but heedless of its consequence, these wretches soon returned accompanied by a vast number of others armed in their canoes, and a determination was formed to resist their landing. The blacks in consequence commenced a new assault with their spears, which were answered with muskets, and at length retreated with the loss of two killed, besides several being wounded. They returned the same day from the   back of the island unperceived ; and in increased numbers taking the little party by surprise, they were obliged to take precipitately to their boat as the only means of preservation : but leaving their provision and necessaries, upon which they left their adversaries voraciously regaling. Unable to proceed for their destination they reversed their course, but could only reach Botany Bay, on account of contrary wind, and have there received from the owner every comfort and assistance.

"SYDNEY." The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) 27 Oct 1805 

The sealer ‘George’ was holed by rocks in Twofold Bay and sent a small boat on to Sydney for help.
Bligh Governor of New South Wales
Mutiny in New South Wales; deposition of Bligh
Macquarie Governor of New South Wales

The schooner Unity, travelling to Van Dieman's Land, lay two days in Twofold Bay; where four of  her people landed with a small boat on the south-sideto go  shooting at an extensive lagoon, where they had to convey their boat about 100 yards overland. As they accomplished this, they found themselves hemmed in by several hundred natives, who immediately attacked them with spears. The small party had only two muskets, one of which was in a much impaired state. By discharging only occassionally at natives that advance nearer than others, the Unity party succeeded in crossing to the sea-shore with their boat.

A number of the spears thrown struck the vehicle, and were frequently supposed by the people to have passed through the bodies of each other; but no less miraculously than fortunately, they reached the   sea-side without a wound, and thence escaped.

"Sydney." The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) 19 Sep 1812

Blaxland discovers a way across the Blue Mountains.
Davey Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land.
Death of Flinders.
Establishment of Civil Court in New South Wales
Bridal trail constructed down Brown Mountain
Bank of New South Wales founded
The Australian botanist, Allan Cunningham landed at Snug Cove so that he could collect botanical specimens.
First recorded shipment of wattle bark from Twofold Bay
31 May: While seeking shelter from bad weather at Twofold Bay the schooner Mary, carrying a valuable cargo, worth nearly £3000, was wrecked. No lives were lost but the ship and its cargo were lost and the survivors, Captain Richard Heaney, his wife and crew were attacked by the local natives and compelled to travel overland to Sydney
Brown Mountain Trail became "Postman's Track"
The schooner 'Sophia' sought shelter in Twofold Bay but was driven ashore and lost.
George Arthur appointed lieutenant Governor of Van Diemen's Land
The schooner 'Olivia" lost near Twofold Bay
John Oxley leads an expedition to the Liverpool Plains. This area is settled in the 1830s
Captain Thomas Raine, then a Sydney merchant and whaler, put 25 men ashore in Snug Cove under the command of John Irvine to begin a shore-based whaling operation.
The Schooner 'Amelia' lost near Twofold Bay
Enlargement of the Legislative Council of New South Wales.
Whole of Australia claimed as British territory.
"Mr. Staples, of James's Buildings, George-street, will sail in a day or two, in the Currency Lass, to Twofold Bay, in quest of black oil."
Act establishing trial by jury in New South Wales.
Sturt explores the Murray to the sea. Perth founded.
Peter Imlay en route from Launceston to Sydney in his chartered schooner ‘Elizabeth’, stopped in Twofold Bay in order to investigate the extraordinary rumours of wild killer whales assisting whalers. He immediately saw the potential of the wide bay with its safe harbours as a port for the rich pastoral areas beyond and decided to settle here and begin a whaling, agricultural and grazing venture.
Port Arthur opens as a penal settlement in Tasmania
In a despatch from Governor Richard Bourk to Earl of Aberdeen,Secretary of State for the colonies 4th July, 1834 Governor Bourke communicated the proposal of Mr. James Atkinson, for the settlement of Twofold Bay, by means of emigration from the north of Ireland. Although Bourke objected to Mr.Atkinson's plan,he expressed himself in favour of the extension of the limits of location as far as Twofold Bay. The Earl of Aberdeen has stated in reply dispatch that "His Majesty's Government are not prepared to authorise a measure, the consequences of which would be to spread over a still further extent of territory, a population which it was the object of the late land regulations to concentrate."
Nov: The Home Government authorized the captain of HMS Alligator to seek and appropriate site for settlement.
Imlay Brothers, Alexander, George and Peter set up a whaling station at Snug Cove
Fire consumes Messrs Imlay stores
Act to establish Colony of South Australia. The Hentys settle at Portland
Gov of NSW Governor Richard Burke visited the Bay on board HMS Hyacinth

After Gov. Bourke's visit approval was granted for the Legislative Council to issue licences to depasture vacant Crown Land beyond the limits of location. This legitimised the position of squatters like the Imlay Brothers who obtained licences over large tracts of land in the Twofold Bay area.

The Imlay Brothers sent the first recorded shipment of wool from Twofold Bay

Adelaide founded
Despatch to Lord Glenelg, Secretary of State for the colonies from Governor Bourke 9 Mar: "I am bound to state, that further reflection, and the advantages of personal observation, afforded by a recent excursion to Twofold Bay and the neighbouring country, have more than ever impressed me with the correctness of the opinions expressed in my dispatch of Jul, 1834. On the excursion alluded to I found the greater part of the vast tract of fertile land lying between the country of St. Vincent and Twofold Bay, depastured by flocks and herds attended by shepherds and stock men ; the pastures, already, contributing largely to the wealth of the colony, and exceeding in importance many of the districts where land is disposable by sale or on lease. An export of live stock, from Twofold Bay to Van Dieman's Land had commenced, and is likely to increase...I would propose that a township be marked out at Twofold Bay...In the event of a township being established at Twofold Bay, it would be desirable to form a road from thence to Murard Plains, a part of which would pass over a rocky range of mountains. The remoteness of this work would render it a very desirable employment for the convicts"
Accession of Queen Victoria.
Melbourne named.
Latrobe appointed superintendent of Port Phillip.
Strzelecki finds traces of gold
Establishment of a post once a week, connecting Broulee with Twofold Bay.
Dr Imlay undertook the post conveyance to and from Twofold Bay at his own risk, for twelve months gratuitously.
"His Excellency the GOVERNOR...deemed it expedient to open and make certain Parish Roads from Braidwood to Broulee, and from Broulee to Twofold Bay"
NSW Government Gazette Nov 25 1840
Order in Council discontinuing transportation to Australia.
Eyre starts for the centre of the continent. Strzelecki's journey through Gippsland.
Ben Boyd writes to Lord John Russell about his plans for "further developing the resource of Australia and its adjacent Islands
Grey appointed Governor of South Australia
Eden surveyed by Mr Thomas Townsend.
“His Excellency the Governor has been pleased to direct it to be notified, for general information, that a settlement at Twofold Bay will be opened to location in the commencement of the month of March, 1843, and that some town allotments, as well as grazing lands, will be sold as early in that month as circumstances will admit of. The sale will take place, in Sydney, in the usual manner; and further notice will be given as soon as the particulars are received from the Surveyor General”
Australasian Chronicle 10 Nov 1842
Benjamin Boyd commences operations at Boydtown assigning Oswald Brierly as manager
Dec 7th: The Pathfinder Expedition - Oswald Brierly sets of on an expedition to the Monaro to investigate the prospect of a road between Twofold Bay and the Monaro.
Act for the Government of N.S.W. and Van Diemen's Land passed.
Benjamin Boyd accompanied by Oswald Brierly arrived in Port Jackson in the Wanderer preceded by the Boyd's steamers Seahorse, Juno, Velocityand Cornubia all carrying supplies for Boyd's ventures.
Jan 3rd: Pathfinder Expedition returns to Twofold Bay from the Monaro
Captain Owen Stanley from HMS Rattlesnake surveyed the Bay with Lt Bamfield Yule
9th March: The first sale of land in the township of Eden
Ben Boyd commenced building Boydtown.The Seahorse Inn built and proposed to base his Steamship Company at Twofold Bay
First cargo sent form Eden to Londen by Imlay brothers.
 Post Office built in Boydtown
Ben Boyd's paddlesteamer commenced mail service to Sydney
May 1844 Benjamin Boyd now one of the largest landholders and graziers in the colony with fourteen stations in the Monaro and four in the Port Phillip District
Crown and Anchor completed & James Rixon granted first liquor license.
Road constructed from The Monaro to Eden via Pambula
George & Alexander Imlay die
Oswald Walter Brierly, and Thomas Winder Campbell, Esqrs., both of Boyd Town appointed magistrates for Twofold Bay
Fitzroy 'Governor-General' of Australia. Lieutenant Yule hoists British flag in New Guinea.
First Post Office opened
First Court of Petty Sessions at Eden was held on 7th July 1847. Mr Charles Nagel was Clerk of Petty Session. Magistrates were O. Brierley, W Campbell, James S Walker.
Boyd's Tower erected
Operations at Boydtown cease
Benjamin Boyd controversially imports Pacific Islanders to work as labourers and shepherds. 
Customs House was built
Oswald Brierly leaves Eden to join Captain Owen Stanley on the H.M.S. Rattlesnake
Melbourne elects Lord Grey to the Legislative Council
Benjamin Boyd declared bankrupt and leaves Australia
Population of Eden: 49
Population of Boydtown: 400
From at least this date George Barclay operated a general store from a slab building in Chandos Street.
Registration of spirit merchants 19th Nov 1849:
"George Barclay, a slab built cottage containing 7 rooms plastered inside and rough coat outside, shingled roof" 
Later the business was moved into what is now the Great Southern Hotel"
Western Australia becomes a penal colony. University of Sydney founded.
Australian Colonies Government Act passed. Railway from Sydney to Goulburn built.
Flood in Bega Valley claims 17 lives
Separation of Victoria from New South Wales.
Gold found at Ballarat
The gold rush begins near Bathurst in New South Wales
Ben Boyd disappeared on the island of Guidalcanal in the Solomon Islands

The schooner 'Margaret' lost in Twofold Bay

Cattle Bay purchased by the Imlay Brothers to facilitate their operation to ship cattle to Hobart

University of Melbourne founded
15 May The Monumental city,a steamship returning from Melbourne to Sydeny ran aground on Tullaberga Island, between Mallacoota Inlet and Gabo Island. The ship broke in two almost immediately, but the survivors were landed on the island, while a boat containing eighteen men rowed to Twofold Bay for assistance. Thirty seven people lost their lives and a monument to them can still be seen in the old cemetery on Gabo Island. The accident led to the erection of the first lighthouse on Gabo Island 
Tasmania named
The last convicts are shipped to Tasmania

Population of Eden 180 adults and 85 children

The schooner 'Teazer' lost off Twofold Bay

The Eureka Stockade
The ship 'Lawrence Frost' broke in two and sank in Twofold Bay
First government school started with an enrollment of 12 girls and 30 boys.
Eden Court House built 1857/58
The first police station erected in Cocora Street. the Police fenced of the headland beyond Snug Cove for their horse paddock.  A Chief Constable and two troopers were stationed at the Eden Watch House and their jurisdiction stretched from Cape Howe in the south, Bermagui River in the north and the Monaro Tablelands to the west.
The Great Southern Hotel was constructed as the Twofold Bay Stores, a general store run by George Barclay and Joseph Teas.
Alexander Walker Davidson built a whaling station at Kiah Inlet

In the Parliamentary session of 1857, the urgent necessity for constructing a new road from Eden to Bombala, the chief town of the extensive pastoral district of Maneroo (for the shipment of whose exports and imports Eden is obviously the natural port) ,was submitted to the Legislative Assembly. The sum of £1000 was, accordingly, voted, and Mr James H. Thomas, C.E., was appointed to survey the line and construct the road.

The Illawarra Steam Navigation Company was incorporated through a merger of the Kiama Steam Navigation Company, the Twofold Bay Pastoral Association and a small fleet owned by Sydney entrepreneur, Edye Manning. Originally, sailing ships provided the service. The first steamer was William IV, known as ‘Puffin Billy’

Feb: The laying of the foundation-stone of the New Wharf drew a large crowd. The stone was laid  by Daniel Egan, Esq., who, after speaking at some length of the many advantages to be derived by this boon to the public, and of the facilities that will be given in unloading and reloading of vessels trading to and from this port, stated, that by the request of the gentlemen forming the committee, the wharf hereafter would be designated Egan Wharf. This announcement was received with great cheering by the crowd.
The General Steam Navigation Company, the Kiama Steam Navigation Company and the Shoalhaven Steam Navigation Company merged to become the Illawarra Steam Navigation Company (the 'Pig & Whistle Line') which held a near monopoly for shipping on the south coast, and their fleet visited every significant port between Sydney and the Victorian border.
Mr. P. J. Murray appointed Police Magistrate for police district of Eden.  New watchhouse built in Eden and arrangements were made by the Government for holding petty sessions at Pambula and Bega.
The Church Committee (Anglcan) met 5 July 1858 with Rev. W. Allworth presiding-It was determined that the ground for the church should be cleared immediately The inhabitants are indebted to the magistrate for the use of the Court House to hold Divine Service and Sabbath School.
During Communion Service on Sunday evening last, the cleryman's surplice caught fire, it was however, observed in good time by a communicant...I am happy to state that the surplice only was injured although the minds of the communicants were somewhat disturbed.
New Wharf-The new wharf is progressing rapidly, under the superintendence of Mr. J.H. Thomas and is expected to be completed in three or four weeks.
Road-Mr. Thomas is also superintending the repair of the regular line of road from Eden to Bombala.
Eden Twofold Bay 6th July 1858
COUNTRY NEWS. (1858, July 14). The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (NSW : 1848 - 1859) 14 July 1858
Feb: Completion of new road between the Monaro to Eden
Colony of Queensland proclaimed
The Kiandra Gold Rush began and brought boom times to the Port of Eden with a floating population of around 4000
"Twofold Bay and Maneroo Telegraph" is first published a few short months before the "Twofold Bay and Maneroo Observer"
Eden wharf built
Extension added to Eden Court House
Eden's first lighthouse, a timber construction, erected on Lookout Point
Commercial Banking Company of Sydney Ltd. opened branch in Eden
McDouall and Stuart reach the centre of the continent
Burke and Wills expedition
The 'City of Sydney' a a single screw steamship of 735 tons and carrying around 100 passengers ran ashore in fog near Green Cape on a voyage from Melbourne to Sydney on 6 October. No lives were lost but the ship was a total loss
A lamp visible for 7 miles was installed in the timber lighthouse at Lookout Point
The Victorian government orders construction of world’s largest equatorially mounted reflector telescope
Although in use since the 1830s Eden Cemetery is only officially dedicated on 16th June 1863
There has been some little excitement created here by the death of a Chinaman, one of a party of Chinese who are catching mutton fish here. There is a supposition that some foul play has been exercised, but all that is known at present is, that the Chinaman was labouring under the effects of spirits at the time of his death. Br. Sheffield opened the body, and sent the contents of the stomach to Sydney, for the purpose of analyzation ; so we may expect to hear more by next week.
The Manaro Mercury, and Cooma and Bombala Advertiser 26 June 1863
South Australia undertakes to administer the Northern Territory
24th May: The foundation stone of St George's Church was laid.
Fr. Patrick Slattery is appointed first Catholic Parish Priest of Bega and Twofold Bay.
2nd June: St. Georges Presbyterian Church opened
Money Order System introduced to Eden
End of transportation to Western Australia. Gold discovered at Gympie

Telegraph line between Twofold Bay and Bombala opened.  The telegraph office was located in the 'Crown and Anchor'

Mr Charles Kebby appointed Eden Post & Telegraph Station Master & line repairer. Mr Kebby lived in 'Half House', his home being used as the Post Office.

The last convicts are transported to Australia.

Telegraph line extended from Eden to Gabo Island

A report has reached here that great quantities of human bones are lying exposed on a small island near Gabo ; they are believed to be the remains of those lost in the Monumental City, and buried on the island."
The Sydney Morning Herald 16 April 1870

British troops withdrawn from Australia
Overland telegraph line from Adelaide to Port Darwin constructed

A wooden observatory was constructed on the site where the Eden Fishermen's Club carpark now stands for the observation of the Transit of Venus on the 6th June.

A Government Savings Bank branch opened at Half House

The residents of Eden were somewhat alarmed by hearing that a shark, measuring between 30 and 40 feet in length, had taken up his quarters in Twofold Bay. Both Glover's and Ashfiold's boats were chased by this monster of the deep a distance of three miles, from the North Head up to the wharf. His fin stood about a yard and a half out of the water. Mr. Glover.

An earthquake, accompanied by a loud rumbling sound like the rolling of thunder, occurred on the 12th June at 3.40 p.m. The shocks were sufficiently severe to rattle the windows of the houses and of the church. They lasted about five seconds. The direction of the wave was from north-west to south-east. 
Iron smelting began in Lithgow under the direction of Enoch Hughes
BUSH FIRES.-The hot weather last week, in the Bega district, was marked by a succession of bush fires on all sides. At Brogo, the hill known as the "Pinch" was one mass of flames, and the country towards Merimbula, on the one side, and towards the Upper Brogo, was well scorched. At Sandy Creek, and Sam's Corner, the fires raged with great severity, and towards Merimbula the bush was on fire in many places. On the Big Jack's road the forests were on fire for miles, and the conflagra- tion extended towards Towamba and Pussy-Cat. The only loss we hear of was among Mr. Black's survey gear. One of his tents and five or six saddles were destroyed. The rain of Sunday appears to have been pretty general ; the fires were put out and the clouds of smoke dispersed. Since the above was in type, the Standard has received a letter from Mr. Jasper Blair to the effect that part of his camp was destroyed, including a large tent and five saddles, besides completely burning out two of his men.
The Sydney Morning Herald 11 March 1876 
The last full blooded Tasmanian aboriginal, Truganini, dies
Funds for construction of lighthouse at Greencape allocated
First Australian Trade Union Congress

The Twofold Bay Store becomes the Great Southern Hotel. The first licencee was John Hopkins.

Site for Greencape Lighthouse surveyed

Capture of the Kelly Gang

Excavation of site for Greencape Lighthouse begins

Mr. Charles Kebby , for thirteen years post and telegraph master at Eden , and a highly respected resident, died on Thursday evening, and was buried on Sunday. Nearly the whole population of Eden and the surrounding district assembled at et the funeral. The deceased was recently ordered to visit Gabo to repair the line connecting the island with the mainland, and while there he was put to great straits, and suffered considerable hardship...it is thought that in consequence of this he caught cold from exposure, and erysipelas set in, which proved fatal.
An alternative version of the death of Charles Kebby http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article116355738

The Kimberley gold rush
Green Cape Lighthouse first operated on 1st November
Silver discovered at Broken Hill
Federal Council established
Ly-ee-Moon wrecked while rounding Green Cape on the night of 30 May. Seventy one passengers drowned leaving 13 survers
John Ashburton Thompson demonstrates that typhoid could be spread by milk
First Colonial Conference
St. Josephs convent erected.
Chinese camps established near various townships on the South Coast of NSW, near Eden accommodating about 40 or 50 men who do work under contract for landholders. Suspicion raised that ships were landing Chinese illegally at these camps and evading Immigration Act.
Intercolonial Conference on Chinese immigration
Arthur James Arnot patents the world's first electric drill.
Sabina and James Pike operated the Commercial Hotel between 1890 and and 1893
George Davidson became the master whaler and took over the Davidson family whaling business
Great maritime strike


A huge whale was killed here last night. It sank Captain Russell's yacht Tea Tephi and damaged the wharf.

The Sydney Morning Herald Wed 29 August 1894

The cottage, Loch Garrah" (which still stands) was built at Davidson Whaling Station by George Davidson

The decision of the postal authorities to institute a daily town delivery  evoked general satisfaction in Eden according to the Sydney Morning Herald of 18th March

First Labour Government (Queensland).
Australian contingents sent to South African War
Shipping of cattle from Eden ceased
On and after the 15th instant Eden is to be favoured with a through mail bag from Sydney.
The postal authorities have signified their willingness to establish a telephone office at Kiah on certain conditions relating to guarantee etc., which are being considered by the residents of the river district. It is hoped that ere long an arrangement will be made for the establishment of direct telephonic communication between Kiah and Eden.
The Pambula Voice March 16 1900
The Commonwealth Constitution before the Imperial Parliament
Sydney: 103 people killed by Bubonic Plague (Sep 30)
1 January:  Eden Post Office opened on the corner of Imlay & Mitchell streets aka"Confusion Corner"
First Commonwealth Parliament opened May 9
The Yambulla mail coach from Eden on Wednesday was carried off the crossing at Nullica Creek. A quantity of provisions was lost. The mails were saved with difficulty. The Towamba River was not crossable yesterday.
The Sydney Morning Herald 22 Dec 1902
First railway sleepers cut

The Australasia Hotel opened and was operated by Sabina and James Pike until 1923

Illawarra Steam Navigation Company incorporated as the Illawarra & South Coast Steam Navigation Company

Store and residence built for Matt Howard at 178 Imlay Street. Matt sold benzene oil, motor vehicle accessories, new tyres and was an agent for motor cars.  the building is now a coffee/gift shop and part of the Heritage House Motel and Units

"In consequence of representations from the Eden Progress Association, the Postmaster General has decided to institute a direct mail service between Bombala and Eden three times a week, and a letter-receiving office is to be established at Lower Towamba."
The Sydney Morning Herald 24 Feb 1904

The Seat of Government Act was passed  in the Federal parliament, naming the  south-western town of Dalgety the site of the future national capital - with the port of Eden as the Federal port. However the New South Wales government  did not support the decision, and refused to transfer the land to the Commonwealthl

License & goodwill of the great Southern Hotel transferred from Sabina Pike to Sam Solomon

"The Postmaster General is now calling for tenders for the erection of a telephone from Towamba to Yambulla, via Pericoe. The distance is estimated at 14 miles. The wire is to be run on trees where they are available.
This line will be a boon to the district, as all correspondence and traffic between Wangrabelle and Eden passes through Yambulla."
Feb 9 1905

June: 1st meeting of the temporary council held
24 November: The first Imlay Shire Council election held
7 December: 1st permenant Council meeting
January: The Hotel Australasia opened. Mr. W. A. Robertson, acted as licensee for the first month before the building's owner & developer Sabina Pike took over the running of the Hotel and was to remain as licensee of the Australasia for almost two decades.
Bondi Surf Lifesaving Club established.
PNG officially under Australian control
Addition to Post Office built
Murrumbidgee Irrigation Scheme begins.
The first trunk telephone line linking Sydney and Melbourne is opened
Revocation of choice of Dalgety.
Canberra finally selected as site of federal capital
14 April: Telephone exchange opened in Eden Post Office
Compulsory military service instituted in Australia
The 'New Guinea' ran aground near Green Cape in fog on a voyage from Melbourne to Sydney on 13 February
General Strike, the first of its kind in the country, following suspension of tramway employees over the right to wear union member badges.
Geelong: First Australian public telephone exchange installed
Commonwealth Bank opens as a savings bank.
The Wattle is declared Australia's national flower
John Logan built ‘Edrom Lodge’ in East Boyd
The "Eden Magnet" says : -"The Twofold Bay Motor Transport Co. have received a telegraphic request from the Commonwealth Government to send the lorries to   Queanbeyan on the occasion of the official opening of the Federal Capital, which will take place on March 12th. The manager informs us that he will take lorries up and arrange special cheap trips for coastal residents to be present at this historic event." We would advise visitors to bring a supply of tents to accommodate themselves, also provisions, as all the hotels and boarding house accommodation is already taxed.
Topics of the Week. (1913, February 28). Queanbeyan Age
Construction of Canberra commenced in 1913.
The ceremony for the naming of Canberra took place on the 12th March.  The first stone being laid by Australian Prime Minister Andrew Fisher
 Eden Police station moved to its present location
Australia's population 4,971,778
First airmail delivery from Melbourne to Sydney. Telephone link established between Melbourne and Adelaide
World War I begins. Australia offers Britain 20,000 troops
Transcontinental Railway opened
Formation of the Twofold Bay Development League
Great battle on the Somme (August 8)
WWI Armistice
Influenza hit NSW killing 12,000
First direct wireless message from the UK to Australia
Widespread flooding in the district with heavy stock losses, bridges washed away and many communities isolated. 33 inches of rain were reported to have fallen within a week.
 Mail services and telephone and telephonic communications between Eden and all other places were suspended.
Ross and Keith Smith fly from England to Australia by aeroplane
Visit of the Prince of Wales to Australia
QANTAS is formed as a local airline
Melbourne: Farmers form Australian Country Party
Sydney: The Communist Party of Australia formed
First successful flight from Melbourne to Perth
Traveling Hypnotist visits town
Australia's population 5,510,944
Melbourne: 44 hour week to become standard
Sydney: Mascot Airport opens
Melbourne: The Industrial Court of Appeal rejects concept of equal pay for women
Author Henry Lawson dies
March: At the invitation of the South Coast Development League a Parliamentary tour of the Eden Monaro district was undertaken the main objective was to see the possibilities of the development of the district especially the Leagues proposal for a hydro electricity scheme for the Snowy River
A fire which occurred at Eden on Sunday morning destroyed a block of wooden build ings in the main street, including Howitt's billiard saloon, Taylor's agency office, W. Robertson's office, and the town band room.
Howitt escaped by jumping unclad through a bedroom window. Re-entering the building to save his money, he secured a roll of notes, but found his exit blocked byvflames. He chopped his way out through another room.
Northern Star (Lismore, NSW : 1876 - 1954) 13 Jan 1926
24 Oct: George Davidson's son, Jack along with two of his children drowned while crossing the bar at Kiah Inlet
10 Dec: South Coast towns & district suffer terrible loss in bushfires:  Many women and children were taken to the beach where they remained until the fire danger abated. The business section of Eden narrowly escaped being burned down.  The balcony of the Bank of NSW and a massive chimney stack of the Great Southern Hotel destroyed, but although it became ignited several times the wharf was not seriously damaged. 
At Kiah Dorron's Store and contents, the Roman Catholic Church and Kiah House the Davidson's homestead were all destroyed.
Near Eden the homes of Messrs. Nicolson and Boller destroyed
Saltwater Creek (3miles from Eden): Piesley's homestead & Legge's sawmill destroyed
Nullica: Mr Harvey's house destroyed
Vegemite is first produced
Dec: Bushfires rage through Victoria and NSW
Federal Parliament opened by Duke of York at the Commonwealth capital, Canberra
Flight by Bert Hinkler from England to Australia, and by Kingsford Smith and Ulm from America to Australia and from Australia to New Zealand.
On th 17th September 1930 the body of Old Tom, the last of the Killer Whales that worked in association with the Davidson family, floated into Twofold Bay.
Old Tom's death bought and end to whaling in Twofold Bay
Two Eden stores will be equipped with electric light
The Magnet November 1 1930
Travelling picture show comes to Eden showing the first talkie movie to be seen in Eden
First Australian-born Governor-General appointed: Sir Isaac Isaacs
Most of Darwin turns out to see flyer Amy Johnson after her epic solo flight from London
Sydney: The 2 spans of the Sydney Harbour Bridge are joined. Phar Lap wins the Melbourne Cup at Flemington.
Phone line links Perth with the rest of the country

"Eden, on Twofold Bay, has had a narrow escape. Fires have swept across the heavily timbered country. They are particularly bad at Towamba, a small settlement 20 miles from Eden.
The fires advanced dangerously close
to Eden.  The town was enveloped in dense smoke. Business was suspended, and headed by the police the townspeople went out in a body to burn breaks. They cut numerous breaks, and burnt counter fires. Their efforts saved the town."
Report from the "Barrier Miner" 23 Jan 1932

Opening of Sydney Harbour Bridge
Widespread flooding on the South Coast with Eden recording the highest rainfall, 18 inches between Jan 23-26.  Telephone & telegraph lines went down, wash aways and landslides completely blocked the Prince's Highway between Eden and the Victorian border, bridges over Saltwater and Palestine Creeks washed away.
Fish Industries Ltd. a company formed in Sydney with the object of establishing at Twofold Bay a base for fishing, fish products and whaling, commenced preliminary operations under the direction of Mr G. T. Russel.
An area of about seven acres with harbour frontage, at Quarantine Bay secured for the building of a factory, wharf and boats and Imlay Shire Council approval of plans obtained...The Sydney Morning Herald, 2 Oct
Dec 13: Fish Industries Ltd. incorporated
Australia's population 6,656,695
National Cancer Conference warns of dangers of sunburn causing skin cancer
Western Australia: Referendum produces 2 to 1 vote in favour of WA's secession from the Commonwealth. The British Government later rules WA has no right to request legislation on changes to the constitution.
Melbourne: Jewish Community meet at Town Hall to protest over treatment of Jews in Germany
Bert Hinkler's body discovered near his wrecked plane after disappearing over Italy in January while attempting to fly from England to Australia.
Sydney: First traffic lights installed
The Sydney Morning Herald reported on the 25th January that bush fires were raging on the far South Coast near Eden and had destroyed portion of the State pine forest at Broadwater.
Fish Industies Ltd., is bankrupted and WG Hancock sentenced to two years in prison
Shire Relief Conditions
(excerpt) On and from Monday, March 4th, it was stated, all men employed on emergency relief works throughout the state would be paid at the rate of 1/8½ an hour, an increase of approximately 2 pence an hour, while margins for skill will continue to be paid as heretofore. ( approximately 15 shillings per day for a common unskilled labourer - about £4 per week. Author.) All male applications must have the following qualifications to establish eligibility for employment; (a) Aged 21 years or over, (b) Unemployed: unemployed for at least two weeks prior to application and registered at the State Labour Exchange seven days or over, (c) Domicile: enrolled on a state electoral roll, N.S.W. division for 12 months, and be a resident of the locality of work for three months or over.
Unless track travellers can comply with the above qualifications, it was stated, they will not be eligible for employment under the scheme, as it is not desirable that this state should provide relief works to attract workers from other states. It is to be definitely understood that the employment of men on relief works must be subservient to the needs of local industries and national works undertaken by the government as relief works are only being undertaken until the unemployed can be re engaged in their rightful industries and that when other employment becomes available, relief works must be released for such employment by the council.
The Magnet March 16 1935
Mr. R.B. Whiter and his two sons, bought and began to restore Boyd's 'Seahorse Inn'
Eden's 'Log Cabin' constructed by John Logan and donated to the Girl Guides.  The opening ceremony took place on 29th Feb
14 Aug: John Logan died at his home Edrom Lodge
The Minister for Works and Local Government (Mr. Spooner) arrived at Eden in May and was entertained at a public dinner. Mr. Spooner inspected Cattle Bay, the pilot station and wharf. Subsequently, at the Shire Council meeting, Mr. Spooner expressed approval of the council's £10,000 programe for bitumening roads, footpaths, kerbing, and guttering in various towns in the shire. He offered a grant on a £-for-£ basis. He said that he had formed a definite opinion regarding the Eden Jetty, and would obtain estimates of the cost of constructing a new wharf and the cost of repairing the existing Jetty.
Second World War begins.

Black Friday bushfires rage from South Australian border to Gippsland and NSW. 71 people die

Sydney: Short wave radio service Australia Calling begins broadcasting
Australian forces share in North African campaigns
HMAS Sydney in November sank with the loss of 645.

28th March: 4 US Army pilots of the 8th Squadron, 49th Fighter Group were lost in this area in bad weather. Lt AE "Doc" Fielder made a landing on Aslings Beach. Lt Chester Namola landed near Berridale. Lt Neal T Takala crashed near Mt Imlay and Lt John J Musial near Narrabarba. Both were killed

22 July: "William Dawes" torpedoed by Japanese submarine 1-11 east of Tathra. 5 seamen were killed and 58 rescued by "The Lass"

Darwin bombed and Rabaul captured by Japanese
Eden Fishermen’s Co-operative registered 
Defeat of Germany (May). United Nations' Charter signed.
Migrant ship Cataqui struck a reef of King Island Tasmania. It was carrying 415 passenger and crew.
Polio kills 1000
Lance Hill invents the Hills Hoist
July: At a meeting of the Eden Fishermen's Co-operative fishermen decidd not to use Nimmitabel as the despatch centre but to send all fish direct to  Sydney and Melbourne markets. The Co-operative also stressed the need for fast road transport to take the fish direct from Eden to Sydney.
Before the State Government established the Nimmitabel Co-operative, fish was transported by road from Eden to Melbourne. Subsequently, however, the fishermen were told that fish would have to be sent to Nimmitabel, where it was placed in the freezing chambers. From there it was later sent to Sydney and Melbourne.
Work began on the construction of the Green Products Cannery at Cattle Bay
Australia's population 7,580,820

Australia joins the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank).

Qantas taken over by Commonwealth
Sydney: Don Bradman scores his 100th century in a cricket match against India
The first all Australian car is produced-the Holden
Tuna cannery opened
Eden Fishermen's Club opened
Beginning of Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme, completed in 1972.
CSIRO founded
Illawarra Steam Navigation Company goes into voluntary liquidation
The American owned tuna clipper Senibua (with its own spotting aircraft) arrived in Sydney and began to prepare for experimental pole fishing for tuna in Australian waters. The visit by the clipper was seen as an opportune time for Australian fishermen to learn tuna poling methods, assess tuna poling against purse seine netting, and explore the commercial viability of Australian tuna resources. 
Last steamship pulls out of Eden
Korean War ends .

Oct 15 Britain explodes the first of 2 atomic bombs at Woomera, west of the rocket range at Emu Field. Oct 27 Britain explodes another atomic bomb at Woomera, known as Operation Totem

Oil is discovered in the Exmouth Gulf off the coast of WA
Sleeper-cutting industry ends in Eden with competition from W.A. blamed
Australia's population 9,089,936

Queen Elizabeth II arrives with Prince Philip for Royal Tour

Australian flag is raised at the new Mawson base in Princess Elizabeth Land in Antarctica, making it the world's most southern human settlement
Sleeper cutting finishes - Competition from WA blamed.
NSW hotels stay open until 10pm. NSW is the 4th Australian state to adopt extended hours
Melbourne hosts the Olympics
Completion of restoration of Seahorse Inn by R.B. Whiter & sons. Restorations began in 1936
Joern Utzon wins Sydney Opera House design competition. Australia's union movement steps up campaign for equal pay for women workers.
Remains of The Bounty found off Pitcairn Island
QANTAS international services commence

NSW: Australia's biggest reservoir, Lake Eucumbene, is completed.

Mobil constructed a dedicated wharf, tanks and plant for small-scale petroleum imports and distribution to southern New South Wales 
Hotels and theatres open for the first time on Anzac Day. Organised sport allowed in the afternoon
The cannery formally owned by the Green family sold to Kraft Foods
After years of agitation by Kiah residents to have electric power extended to the area they now have their wish granted at last. The power line which has been under construction for some months has been energised as far as the Kiah hall. Some residents have been connected and are now enjoying the benefits of the power for which they have fought so tenaciously.
The date for the celebration of the turning on of the electricity has been set for August 25th when an outstanding night has been promised.
The Magnet August 3, 1961

Increasing interest and sailing and power boating in the district leads to the formation of the Eden Aquatic Club.
Sydney: Last tram runs from La Perouse to Randwick workshops.
Woman fined for being "unsuitably dressed" wearing a bikini at Bondi Beach
Obstetrician Dr William McBride confirms the anti nausea drug thalidomide is linked to birth defects
Australian troops sent to the Vietnam War.
Dawn Fraser becomes youngest person to be named Australian of the Year
Australia's population 11,704,843
Australia changes over to decimal currency.
Sydney: The first Australian conscripts fly out for Vietnam. Long Tan: Australian troops encounter one of the bloodiest episodes yet with the Viet Cong
Melbourne: Ronald Ryan is the last man to hang in Australia for the murder of a prison warder while escaping from Melbourne's Pentridge Jail. His execution would result in the abolition of the death penalty.

90% of white Australians vote in referendum for proposal to count Aborigines in the census and to allow the Federal Government to make special laws for them

Harris-Daishowa (Aust) Pty Ltd incorporated 20th December joint venture between Daishowa Paper Manufacturing Co and Harris Holdings Pty Ltd
Prime Minister Gorton announces phased withdrawal of Australian troops from Vietnam
The present Post Office was opened in Imlay Street
Harris Daishowa constructed woodchip storage and packaging facilities
Ben Boyd National Park was reserved
Neville Bonner becomes the first Aboriginal to be a Member of Parliament
Eden was the largest supplier of fish to the Sydney Fish Markets and a major supplier to the Melbourne Fish Market 
Changeover from Fahrenheit to Celsius for temperature measurement
Ben Boyd National Park opened
Hobart: Australia's first legal casino opens at Wrest Point

The Queen officially opens the Sydney Opera House

Kraft sells the Eden Cannery to the Heinz Company. Re-development and expansion followed.
Eden High School opened.
Darwin: Cyclone Tracy destroys the city in the early hours of Christmas Day, killing 65 people
Australia's population 13,968,881

Hobart: Part of the Tasman Bridge collapses when the bulk carrier Lake Illawarra slams into a pylon and sinks. 12 people die, some in cars as they plunged from the bridge.

First colour broadcast ABC TV
The Family Law Court is established

Canberra: National health scheme Medibank launched

Boyd's Tower added to Ben Boyd National Park 
Eden Aquatic Club changed its name to the Twofold Bay Yacht Club
Fishermen notice a drop off in tuna - once they could fish 4 miles offshore, by 1978 they had to travel 100 miles off shore.
The Shiralee capsized on August 10 while transporting building material to Gabo Island, as well as fishing.On board were Michael Patrick Pease, Stephen Lawrence Pease and Terence James Rowe. Their bodies were never recovered.
After the loss of the Eden trawler Shirra-Lee the town decides to raise funds for a Fishermen's Memorial Wall.
Twofold Bay Yacht Club purchases local school building for $50.00.  The building was dismantled and later used to erect a new club house
Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) established
Sydney: Two council workers killed after a bomb explodes outside the Hilton Hotel during the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting.
NT achieves self government under Paul Everingham as Chief Minister
Melbourne: Ten year's research by Prof Graeme Clark results in world first cochlear implant  operation at the Royal Victorian Eye & Ear Hospital
Imlay Shire Council acquired the Eden Log Cabin to house the Eden Town Library
Sydney: A fire on the ghost train at Luna Park claims 7 lives
Sydney: The city's eastern suburbs railway, originally planned in the 1870s, is opened
The Fishermen's Memorial Wall completed
Bega Valley Council, Imlay (Eden) Shire Council and Mumbulla Shire Council amalgamated to form Bega Shire Council
Australia's population 15,054,117
Melbourne: Trevor Chappell bowls the last ball underarm against New Zealand and outrages fans and cricket officials
Due to over-fishing  Eden fisheries were placed under management with restrictions on many fish species and abalone. Consequently, the number of commercial fishermen declined. 
Brisbane: Prince Philip Opens Commonwealth Games
Canberra: The Queen opens the new Australian National Gallery
100 years after it's construction Green Cape Lighthouse was automated
Australia wins the America's Cup
75 people die during Ash Wednesday bushfires in Victoria and South Australia.
Canberra: Federal Government floats the Australian dollar
TASMAN HAULER. Scuttled off Twofold Bay July 30 
The new Parliament House opens in Canberra
Cat Balou Cruises are the longest established whale watching operators in NSW, having conducted their popular Whale Watching Cruises at Eden since 1990 
Treasurer Paul Keating admits Australia is in recession and makes reference to Australia becoming a "banana republic"
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission founded (ATSIC)
AARnet established by CSIRO & Australian Vice-Chancellors' Committee (first step of Internet in Australia)
Australia's population 17,387,023.
Green Cape Lighthouse converted to solar power and the old light was decommissioned in favour of a steel framed latticework tower.
Unknown Soldier Memorial installed at the national War Memorial
The first Eden Whale Festival was held in October
Australia's population 18,420,320
Eden's Greenseas Cannery closed leaving 1 in 8 of Eden workers unemployed
Eden Community Access Centre opens
Sydney Hosts the Olympics and Paralympics.
South Australian scientists clone the first sheep in Australia, Matilda
Introduction of the GST


Boxing Day: South Coast Bush Fires

Eden Library relocated from the Eden Log Cabin to its present location

Australia's population 19,529,274
Cricket legend Sir Donald Bradman dies at 92

The Hon. Fran Bailey Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence announced that the Commonwealth had successfully negotiated and registered a second Indigenous Land Use Agreement (ILUA) which will allow Defence to construct and operate a multi-purpose wharf and Naval munitions and storage facility.

The agreement is with the Twofold Bay Native Title Group over land and waters at Twofold Bay near Eden, and was registered with the National Native Title Tribunal on 29 April.

"This $40 million project meets Navy’s long-term logistic and ammunitioning requirements for its east-coast-based fleet. "The new Agreement is significant as the voluntary nature of the Agreement paves the way for collaborative relationships between the parties for the future management of the land and waters in this area."

NSW: Two-thirds of the state drought-declared.
Queensland: 38 shires now drought-declared, representing 15% of Qld.

Bali: Around 190 people, including at least 85 Australians, are killed after a car bomb explodes outside a Kuta nightclub

Federal & State Governments agree to work towards uniform national laws to govern embryonic stem cell research

17 October, Navy Multi-purpose Wharf officially opened by Fran Bailey, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence.
The wharf is capable of handling cargo vessels of up to 32,000 deadweight tonnes in size.
Jan/Feb Bushfires across ACT, Vic, NSW, SA & Tas destroy homes and livestock
Bega Valley Shire Council appoints the Eden Log Cabin Management Committee which commenced restoration of the building
The Ghan becomes the first passenger train to travel from Adelaide to Darwin
Australia's population exceeds 20,209,993
4 million dollar renovation of Seahorse Inn at Boydtown completed in 2006
18th Commonwealth Games held in Melbourne
Australia hosts the APEC summit. Sydney shut down for around 7 days
Near-complete specimen of a placoderm (armoured) fish from the coastal outcrop south of Eden. Also collected the front half of a very large predatory lobe-finned fish, including most of the skull, palate, cheek, jaws, and shoulder girdle. The lobe-fins were the fish group that gave rise to the first land animals, the fleshy lobes in the fins being modified into limbs
Beijing China embraces the world at the Olympics. Australia comes in 6th Place
The Black Saturday bushfires burnied across Victoria on Saturday 7 Feb 2009. The fires occurred during extreme bushfire-weather conditions, and resulted in 173 deaths
Eden Community Access Centre celebrates 10 years
North Queensland floods and cyclone
Dr Graham Nelson died while skiing
St Joseph's Primary School founded by Mary McKillop closed
Brisbane Floods
The Australasian (aka The Pit) sold. Strong public opposition to the demolition of the building ensues.
Part of the wreck of the Shiralee - the trawler that sunk in Disaster Bay in 1978 with the loss of the three men on board - was recovered. The rusted and twisted wreckage, entangled in nets from the trawler Tauranga and was hauled to the surface on Tuesday morning the 7th April.

Among the wreckage was the Shiralee's gallows and a lifebuoy ring.

But within hours, the Shiralee's wreckage was taken from the wharf by truck and dumped at the town's tip.